150 years of fire in Amsterdam. 1720-1888.

Fire on the corner with the Kalverstraat. 1720, Abraham Rademaker (1675-1735).

Keizersgracht Theatre Fire of 11 May 1722.

The fire on the stage of the old city theatre, Keizersgracht 384 began at 9pm on Monday 11 May 1772.
This image was made “as I considered it before I fled,” according to draftsman Simon Fokke.
An allegorical depiction of the fire in the old city theater, Keizersgracht 384, on May 11, 1772. Simon Fokke (1712-1784).
A mourning city maiden sits in the ruins with an empty
beehive (the symbol theatre’s symbol), above her
is Apollo presumably on Olympus.

In 1664 it was decided that Amsterdam’s Van Campen was too small and out of date. It had to be replaced by a larger theater building more in tune with the customs and Baroque architecture of the time. This new theater was twice as large as the old, and opened on 26 May 1665. Its first stone had been laid by the youngest daughter of the playwright Jan Vos.

The Amsterdam story writer Jan Wagenaar gives an ample description of this building, mentioning in particular the theatre machinery, through which men could fall through the air or disappear below the stage. Gerard de Lairesse helped decorate the interior.

Just eight years later the building caught fire during a performance on 7 May 1772. One story has it that a theatre servant had carelessly walked round the building with a naked candle taken from the stage lighting, another version that a rope caught fire after a performance. The fire quickly burnt itself out, yet killed 18 people, destroyed 22 houses in the surroundings, and was so large that it could be seen from The Hague, Utrecht and on the island of Texel.

The rubble became valuable due to the gold and the jewels in it, and the site was sold by its owners after the fire.

The Schouwplaats, during the fire van den Schouwburg. There’s panic in the theater, Keizersgracht 384, at the start of the fire.
Theodorus Bogerts, C. Crajenschot, (1745-1817), Pieter Barbiers, (1717-1780). Etching and engraving, colored by hand.

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The start of the fire in the old city theater, Keizersgracht 384, seen from the ground floor Description Date of the performance- May 11, 1772. Pieter Barbiers, (1717-1780).

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Fire! fire! Assist! bring water or the whole neighborhood is done with!
Woodcut, colored with templates. 1772. Hendrik Numan (1736-1788)
Keizersgracht 378-392, depicted during the fire of the Schouwburg, Keizersgracht 384, on 11 May 1772.

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The Schuwburg Theatre Amsterdam on fire on May 11, 1772. Anonymous etching.

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Fire in the theatre. 1772. C. Kraeijenschot.
An allegorical representation of the fire in the Schouwburg on 11 May 1772, with the ruin in the background.

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Nieuwevaart-Oostenburgergracht. The fire in the sawmill de Grote Leeuw on January 30, 1794. N. Schuckink.
The Eenhoornsluis in the Korte Prinsengracht during the fire of a police post house. B. Kemming, November 5 1813.
Houses in the Bakkersgang after a fire, seen over the water of the Markengracht. J.H. Button, 1800-1825.

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22 September 1820 : Ronde Lutherse Nieuwe Kerk at 11 Singel.

The organ in the Ronde Lutherse Nieuwe Kerk at 11 Singel before the fire of 1822.
Sketch by HP Schouten, possibly worked up by Gerrit Lamberts.
The Singel and the Round Lutheran Church, between 1675 and 1695. Jacobus Storck (1641 – c.1700).
Round Lutheran Church, Singel 11, during the fire in 1822.
Jacobus van Meurs, (1758-1824) September 18, 1822.

The Ronde Lutherse Nieuwe Kerk (Round Lutheran Church) at 11 Singel was designed by Adriaan Dortsman, (ca. 1636-1682), one of the very best architects the Dutch Golden Age had to offer.  The church opened in 1671, and 1822 the church was nearly destroyed by a huge fire in it’s Ronde. By 1826 it had been rebuilt. In 1983 the church was closed for restoration and in 1993 the dome caught fire yet again. The church was restored once more.

The Ronde Lutherse Nieuwe Kerk fire of September 18, 1822 by Hendrik Greeven.
At the front left numerous firefighters and in the middle a boat on which a pump is being brought.
Fire of the Ronde Lutherse Nieuwe Kerk on September 18, 1822. Gerrit Lamberts, 1822.
The fire in the new Church of Luther 18 Sept. 1822 in the afternoon at half past one. Greeven Henrick. 18 September 1822.
The fire in the new church in Lutersche 18 September 1822, two o’clock in the afternoon. Greeven Henrick. 18 September 1822.
The fire in the new church in Lutersche Sept 18, 1822 in the afternoon of half past two. Greeven Henrick. 18 September 1822.
Singel seen in a southeasterly direction to the fire of the Ronde Lutheran church in 1822. Hendrick Greeven, September 18, 1822.

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The Luthersche Nieuwe Kerk on fire. Situation towards the end. Anonymous.

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Interior of the Round Lutheran Church after the fire of September 18, 1822, seen from the entrance at Singel 11l Description Right above the iron plumbing pot, which started the fire. Greeven Hendrick, 1822.
Ruin of the Round Lutheran Church after the fire of September 18, 1822. Jacob Plügger, 1822.

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The ruins of the Ronde Lutherse Kerk after the fire of 1822. Drawing by Willem Pluijm.

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The ruin of the Round Lutheran Church, seen from the inside, after the fire of September 18, 1822. Gerrit Lamberts. 1822.

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Haarlemmer Houttuinen 149-197 seen from the Eilandsgracht during the fire of Haarlemmer Houttuinen. Gerrit Lamberts, 1822.

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The fire of theSugar Factory of JH Rupe & Zn. at Keizersgracht 218-222 on October 19, 1845. 1870, B. de Pré.
View of the smoldering remains of the sugar refinery of JH Rupe en Zn., Keizersgracht 218, after the fire of October 19, 1845. Anonymous.

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Sugar refinery of JH Rupe en Zn, after the fire on October 19, 1845. JGL Rieke (1817-1898)
The ruin of the Sugar Factory of JH Rupe & Zn. at 216-220 Keizersgracht after the fire on October 20, 1845.
JGL Rieke (1817-1898), October 1845.

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Height Kadijk 29 with the ruins of the factory of Schutte and Weiler after the fire on April 23, 1852. JGL Rieke (1817-1898).
Oostenburgervaart. Factory of the firm Paul van Vlissingen and Dudok van Heel on the Oostenburgervaart, seen from the southeast, during the fire on January 29, 1867. Johan Conrad Greive jr, (1837-1891) 1867.
The fire of the sugar refinery of the company Beuker and Hulshoff on Lauriergracht 86, seen from Lauriergracht looking toward the bridge in front of the Hazenstraat with the Tweede Laurierswarsstraat 64 on the left. Several steam fire sprayers on the sides of the wall and heaps of spectators gather on the right. Thought to be a sketch made on the spot as a study for a later wood engraving.
1880 to January 7, 1880. Johan Conrad Greive jr, (1837-1891) 1867.
Ruin of the glassworks on the Amstel after the Fire of October 25, 1868. Anonymous.
Herengracht 384 to 378, after the fire at number 382. The burnt out, ice-covered facades attracts the
attention of a large crowd.
Johan Conrad Greive jr, (1837-1891). 1880.
Herengracht 384 to 378, after the fire at number 382, ​​the house of Jacobus Nienhuys, formerly inhabited by the Oyens family.
Johan Conrad Greive jr, (1837-1891). 1888.
The Stadsschouwburg Theatre on the night of 19 to 20 February 1890, Amsterdam.
February 1890, JMA Rieke (1851-1899).
The theater during the fire, seen from the persective of the Lijnbaansgracht.

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